Terpenes are a type of natural compound that includes chemicals having the formula (C5H8)n. These unsaturated hydrocarbons are made up of over 30,000 chemicals. Terpenes are strongly fragrant chemicals produced by plants to prevent pests and attract pollinators like bees and birds. Terpenes are responsible for some of the world’s most heavenly scents. They’re also potent antioxidants with anti-inflammatory qualities, which make them useful to the well-being of humans.
Cannabis sativa, the plant that comprises both marijuana and its close relative, hemp, is one of the greatest producers of terpenes in the plant kingdom. Here it is necessary to mention that terpenes and terpenoids are two different things. Terpenes are natural chemicals found in the cannabis plant’s bloom or bud. Terpenoids, on the other hand, are chemically changed terpenes. They are oxidized forms of terpenes. Terpenoids are formed as a result of the drying and curing of cannabis flowers.
Furthermore, Terpenes have a variety of health advantages, but they are especially important in the Entourage Effect, which is when cannabinoids work together with terpenes in a synergistic way. Terpenes aid cannabinoids in modifying the blood-brain barrier, affecting the number of cannabinoids that can move via that barrier and connect with your Endocannabinoid System.
Talking about the latter, Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical found in the Cannabis sativa plant, generally known as hemp or cannabis. In the United States, one kind of CBD is licensed as a seizure medication. The Cannabis sativa plant contains over 80 compounds known as cannabinoids. CBD, on the other hand, is derived from hemp, a kind of Cannabis sativa plant that has just trace quantities of THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol). CBD appears to have impacts on some neurochemicals. CBD is one of the hundreds of components found in marijuana, but it does not produce a “high” on its own. According to a World Health Organization assessment, “CBD has no misuse or addiction potential in humans so far, there has been no indication of public health issues linked to the use of pure CBD.” CBD is prescribed to treat epilepsy (epilepsy). CBD is also used to treat anxiety, pain, schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease, Crohn’s disease, and a variety of other ailments, however, there is no clear evidence to substantiate these claims.
Significantly, In a book named Greater than the sum of their part by Russo and mark, the effect of Terpenes in Cannabinoids is explained in these words: “cannabis terpenoids and flavonoids may also increase cerebral blood flow, enhance cortical activity, kill respiratory pathogens, and provide anti-inflammatory activity.”
Terpenes may affect cannabis pharmacokinetics by changing the blood-brain barrier. This goes some way to explain why terpene-rich CBD products made from natural terpenes are much more efficient than CBD products with little or no terpenes.